Do you value your life more than anything in this world? How about other people’s lives? Do you value them as much as you value yours? Well, I guess it’s only natural that we care for other people. I’m glad that you are reading this because I will be going to expound this topic as we go further in this article.
The most expensive yet priceless thing on earth is human life. Let’s talk about the human reproduction. Life starts at the mother’s womb after a process of fertilization. However, this doesn’t work to everybody. Some women are not capable of getting pregnant because of certain biological factors.
There are two ways of conception. One is known as natural conception wherein the fertilized egg is attached and grows continually in a mother’s womb until the baby is born after approximately nine months; while the other is controlled or assisted reproductive technology (ART) where specialized techniques are involved in conceiving a child. One form of assisted reproductive technology (ART) is the In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). This pertains to the medical and technological assistance for an incapable woman to become pregnant.
What is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)?
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a medical process of combining an egg of a woman and a sperm of a man inside laboratory equipment. It is the process where fertilization takes place outside the female body.
Let me tell you the five basic stages of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) so that you will have an idea about this procedure.
- Super Ovulation (Stimulation)
In this stage, the woman needs to produce a great number of eggs that’s why they are prescribed with fertility drugs by their doctor or health care provider. Thus, transvaginal ultrasound must be regularly done by the patient to test the ovaries and to monitor the hormone levels through a series of blood tests.
- Retrieval of Egg
This process is known as follicular aspiration. The removal of eggs from the body of the patient is done through a minor surgery. Painkiller is given to the woman to prevent or reduce the agony throughout the operation. A fine needle is inserted in the vagina going to the ovaries until it reaches the sacs (follicles) where eggs are contained. After the operation, there is a possibility of cramping which will only last for a day.
When there are no eggs produced by the woman, donated eggs can be an option. Also, there are odd situation when pelvic laparoscopy is needed for the removal of eggs.
- Insemination & Fertilization
The process of combining the egg and sperm is called insemination. In the insemination stage, the sperm enters the egg for fertilization after a couple of hours of being stored in a controlled atmosphere. However, when there is a slight chance of fertilization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) must be considered. ICSI is the direct injection of sperm into the egg.
- Embryo Culture
The division of fertilized eggs will result to an embryo. The embryo must be monitored to ensure its proper growth.
- Embryo Transfer
In the last procedure of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), the embryos will be transferred into the woman’s womb after the fertilization and retrieval of egg. Take note that it must be transferred three to five days prior to the fertilization and retrieval of egg.
The five stages of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) will give us an idea about the controlled conception or assisted reproductive technology (ART).
Benefits of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
IVF is a very effective treatment for different infertility issues. Women who have reached beyond the maternal age can possibly get pregnant with the help of IVF. Pelvic inflammatory disease or damaged fallopian tube can also be treated with IVF. This also works for infertile men or those who have obstructed sperm count.
Risks of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
Engaging with IVF will risk your time and energy as well as physical, emotional, and financial factors. Fertility drugs have few side effects such as gastric pain, emotional fluctuation, nuisance, and so on. IVF is very expensive which costs greater than $12,000 to $17,000 although the assessment for an individual IVF cycle differs from one patient to another.
One stage of IVF (specifically the retrieval of egg) is quite risky because it may cause hemorrhage, infection, obstruction of some parts of the ovaries which involves the bowel and bladder, and other side effects.
There are still a number of negative effects of IVF procedure that I have not mentioned here. You can personally ask your health care provider or conduct your own research if you want to know detailed information about this topic.
After the IVF Procedure
The woman who has undergone an IVF will be advised to relax for the whole day. Usually, women will be back at their normal pace on the following day. A set of reminders and safety measures will be given to the patient after the procedure.
Testosterone Therapy Increases Live Birth Rates in IVF
Recently, the University of Rochester has revealed their study about the benefits of testosterone treatment for women who have difficulty in getting pregnant. Although it is still not yet completely recommended by the doctors, few studies have shown that testosterone as well as other male hormones play a significant role in the conception of women with very low chances of getting pregnant.
One method of testosterone therapy is by applying gel in a woman’s body to promote the production of eggs during their In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) cycle. Testosterone treatment is applicable for women suffering with damaged ovarian and those who are almost in their menopausal stage.
It is important to consult your doctor or health care provider to know if you are a good candidate for testosterone therapy.
To become a mother is part every woman’s dream. Most of the women consider becoming mothers as fulfillment in their lives. Unfortunately, not everyone is gifted to become a mother. No matter how much a woman wants to become a mother, there are several circumstances that will hinder her from getting pregnant. In most cases, infertility is the major factor. Thankfully, In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) with the aid of testosterone therapy has been discovered to help those incapable women who want to become pregnant.